Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for our cells. Carbohydrates is the name given to sugars, starches and dietary fibres found in all plant based foods. The notable exception is the sugar from lactose found in dairy.
Sugars are known as simple carbohydrates or simple sugars. Examples are glucose (dextrose), fructose (fruit sugar) and galactose (milk sugar). Sucrose, the sugar that we are most familiar with and which comes from sugar cane or sugar beet is made up of two sugars: glucose and fructose.
Starches on the other hand are known as complex carbohydrates ( consisting of a large number of simple carbohydrates).
There are two types of Dietary Fibre: Soluble fibres tend to slow the movement of food through the digestive system; Insoluble fibres accelerate the movement of food through our system and affect our defecation abilities. In short dietary fibres work on our digestion and affect how nutrients are absorbed
Groups of Carbohydrates
1. Fruits and Vegetables
2. Grains and Legumes
4. Nuts and Seeds
5. Sweets, Chocolate, Cakes, Pastries and Biscuits
We get our carbohydrates in our diet from the above groups of foods. The first four groups (as long as they are of the highest quality) provides us with vitamins and minerals and other important nutrients. The fifth group is nutrient poor. While they do provide an energy fix in the short term they will ultimately cause us problems in the long term.
May Allah (swt) grant you all the best of health.